A IS FOR AGRICULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY
Idaho celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month in May, and there are several archaeology and paleontology events. The Herrett Museum in Twin Falls is primarily an educational museum. It collects, preserves, interprets, and exhibits anthropological artifacts and natural history specimens with an emphasis on the prehistoric American continents. Excavations at Wilson Butte Cave revealed evidence of human activity that rank among the oldest dated artifacts in North America. Work continues at Coopers Ferry that, according to radio carbon dating, contain artifact more than 13,000 years old.
Idaho has a variety of BIRDS. Bird watching is popular and there are many Birding Hotspots and Birding Trails. The State Bird is the Mountain Bluebird. The Peregrine Fund World Center for Birds of Prey has exhibits and shows. The Birds of Prey National Conservation Area is home to the most densely population of nesting raptors. The Intermountain Bird Observatory is a non-profit academic research and community outreach program of Boise State University.
Idaho has many BRIDGES including suspension bridges and covered bridges. The longest Floating Boardwalk in the world is at Coer d'Alene. Dent is the highest bridge in the state. The longest wooden bridge in the world is at Sandpoint. The state has many Historic Bridges and some are on the list of National Historic Places.
Idaho has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The telephone area code is 208 and there are Internet Service Providers. Webcams are located throughout the state.
Idaho has 44 counties The term "county" is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government. Payette is the smallest county in the state and Idaho is the largest. Ada has the largest population and Camas has the smallest.
There is evidence that DINOSAURS roamed what is now Idaho and a variety of fossils have also been found in the state. The Clarkia Fossil Beds have a number of animal species. The Hagerman Fossil Beds contain the largest collection of Hagerman Horses in North America and the richest fossil deposits in the world from 3.5 million years ago. The Hagerman Horse is the State Fossil.
Idaho provides free public EDUCATION for children. School attendance is required between the ages of 7 & 16. Private schools are also available. Homeschooling is popular. Schoolbug and Great Schools provide information about public schools in the state.
A variety of EVENTS are held in Idaho. The state celebrates Public Holidays and other special days. The Eastern Idaho State Fair is held in Blackfoot. The Western Idaho State Fair is held in Ada. The Eastern Idaho State Fair is held in Blackfoot. There are many County Fairs. There is a Basque Festival in San Inanzio and another Basque festival is held every 5 years in Boise. The Trailing of the Sheep Festival is held in Sun Valley, and Ketchum, and Hailey.A variety of other Fairs & Festivals are held throughout the state.
The state FLAG is blue bordered by gilt fringe with the State Seal in the center and the words State of Idaho embroidered beneath it. Several Counties have their own flag. The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians have a flag.
The FOOD Timeline of Idaho dates back to fur trapping and trading with Indians. When gold was discovered in 1860, miners arrived along with Chinese immigrants. Then came European settlers including Finns, the Welsh, and the Basques each bringing their own type of food. Chorizo, a spicy sausage, attributed by some to Basque origin, is still being produced in Idaho. Idaho potatoes are world famous and the potato is the State Vegetable. Other edible state symbols are the Huckleberry and Cutthroat Trout. Gem Valley is famous for their certified seed potatoes. There is an annual Spud Day in Shelley. Idaho has Food Festivals.
Idaho has had many forts. Most have been destroyed but a few remain as historic sites and/or parks or have a marker. Two restored buildings of Fort Sherman are on the North Idaho College campus. A third restored building, the chapel, is located just before the campus entrance. A replica of Fort Boise is located in Fort Boise Park in Parma. In 1963 a replica of Fort Hall was built in Pocatello. It is located in a fenced in area next to the Bannock County Historical Museum building at the end of the Avenue of the Chiefs South. The replica can be viewed year round but the inside is closed to the public from labor day to memorial day.
Idaho has GHOST TOWNS. The town of Albion has a few hundred residents. Burke and Gem have many ruins. Helena has some original buildings. Soldier has a few buildings some still being lived in. Idaho claimse to have several Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSTION of Idaho is approximately 43 latitude north and 116 longitude west. The geographic center is The Settlement of Custer on the Yankee Fork River. The topography of the state ranges from 600 ft. to 12,000 ft. The highest point is Borah Peak and the lowest is the Snake River. Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning System and the state has many Geocaches.
The HISTORY of Idaho indicates that humans may have been present 14,500 years ago. Excavations in 1959 at Wilson Butte Cave revealed evidence of human activity that ranks among the oldest dated artifacts in North America. Idaho was the last of the 50 states explored by Europeans. The Lewis and Clark expedition arrived in 1805. Fur trading led to the arrival of Europeans when Andrew Henry entered in 1810. The Hudson's Bay Company arrived next and controlled the trade in the Snake River area by the 1820s. The United States gained undisputed jurisdiction over the region in the Oregon Treaty of 1846. In 1860, Franklin became the first Anglo-American Settlement in the future territory of Idaho. English & Irish immigrants settled in what is now the state of Idaho in the late 19th and early 20th century. Idaho Territory assumed the boundaries of the modern state in 1868 and was admitted as a state in 1890. During the Civil War, volunteer soldiers who served in Idaho monitored traffic along the Oregon Trail and protected communications routes between the western and eastern United States. The state participates in National History Day.
Idaho is one of the few states that have a State Horse. For Idaho it is the Appaloosa. The Idaho State Horse Show Association promotes the showing and care of all equine — horse, mule, donkey, and pony breeds. Idaho has several Horse Shows. Horseback riding is popular and there are many Horse Trails and Campgrounds. Many events are held at the Idaho Horse Park. The state has several Horse Race Tracks. Idaho participates in the Wild Horse & Burro Management Program.
Idaho has a variety INSECTS including many butterflies and moths. The State Insect is the Monarch Butterflyh. Idaho has several spiders. The except for the black widow spider and the hobo spider are the only poisonous spiders.
Idaho has many ISLANDS in lakes and rivers. There are several islands off the coast of Hope including Warren Island that has recently been developed. Some of the islands are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Idaho Judicial System is made up of the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, the District Court, the Magistrate Division, and the Federal Court System.
Many aspects of life in Idaho focus on KIDS. The state has a page Just for Kids. Information about special places kids enjoy can be found at Fun For Kids. NOAA has a special page for kids. Agriculture in the Classroom has a Kids Page. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Idaho has a variety of MINERALS. The Mines and quarries provide important jobs to many rural counties.The state is best known for its two “world class” mining districts, the Coeur d’Alene District in northern Idaho and the Western Phosphate Reserve in southeastern Idaho. The state is nicknamed The Gem State because of its history of producing a variety of gems.. The most important gems produced to date have been garnet and opal. and the State Gem is Garnet. There have been a number of fee mining locations where individuals can pay a fee, search for opals and keep any that they find. Notable amounts of jade, topaz, zircon, and tourmaline have also been found. Agate, jasper, and petrified woodin many colors and patterns have been found. Idaho has many Rock and Gem Clubs.
Idaho has many MOUNTAINS and Mountain Ranges. There are also High Mountain Peaks. The highest mountain in the state is Borah Peak. Because of its many mountains, Mountain Climbing is a popular pastime.
The first inhabitants of Idaho were NATIVE AMERICANS. Today the state has 4 Federally Recognized tribes. Idaho has several Indian Casinos. There is a powwow at Pow Wow at Moscow Jr. High and a Julyamsh at Post Falls. There is a Shoshone-Bannock Indian Festival at Fort Hall.
Idaho became part of the The OLD WEST when the great westward migration of the Oregon and California Trails stopped in Southeast Idaho to rest and repair their wagons. The state has Cowboys and Cowgirls and there is a Cowboys Association and a Miss Rodeo. Idaho has many rodeos, stampedes, and roundups. The Snake River Stampede is held in Nampa is one of the top 10 regular season professional rodeos in the country.
Nearly 2 million PEOPLE live in Idaho. One of the largest Basque communities in the country is in Boise. A significant number of immigrants from Ireland ended up in southern Idaho. Large numbers of English immigrants settled in what is now the state of Idaho in the late 19th and early 20th century, many before statehood. German farmers settled in what is now Idaho at the same time. Many famous people have come from the state including Gutzon Borglum, sculptor who created Mount Rushmore; Ernest Hemingway author; Chief Joseph Nez Perce leader; and Sacagawea>, Indian guide.
Idaho has a variety of Great Basin Rattlesnake, the Northern Pacific Rattlesnake, and the Prairie Rattlesnake. Amphibians include salamanders, and frogs. The Giant Salamander is the State Amphibian. The state is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program.
Idaho has many RIVERS. The Snake River is the longest river in the state. The Salmon River is the 2nd largest river in the country without a single dam. Hells'Canyon has the deepest River Gorge in North America. The state has Wild & Scenic Rivers.
Idaho has all forms of TRANSPORTATION and an an Adopt-a-Highway Program. Department of Transportation is responsible for building, maintaining, and operating road, bridges, and tunnels in the state and offers many special License Plates Designs. The state was the first to offer a license plate with a horse. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state. In celebration of its 50th birthday in 2002, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state. The car for Idaho was the Chevrolet Suburban.
Four ships have been named USS IDAHO. The 1st USS Idaho (1864) was a steam sloop. The 2nd USS Idaho (BB-24) was a Mississippi class battleship. The 3rd USS Idaho (SP-545) was a motorboat purchased by the U.S. Navy during World War I, armed as a patrol craft, and assigned to the 4th Naval District based at League Island Navy Yard, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her patrol duties stretched from Philadelphia on the Delaware River to Cape May, New Jersey, on the Delaware Bay. Post-war she was returned to her owner. The 4th USS Idaho (BB-42) was a New Mexico-class Battleship and active during WW II. She made her triumphal entry into Tokyo Bay with occupation troops on 27 August and was anchored there during the signing of the surrender onboard the Missouri on 2 September. Four days later she began the long voyage to the East Coast where she was decommissioned in 1946 and placed in reserve until sold for scrap in 1947.
Idaho has a wide variety of WEATHER with hot summer months tempered by cool evenings. Winters can be cold. The current weather is provided by Weather Underground and NOAA. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about climate change.
Time ZONES are established by the coordinated Universal Time. The United States has several Time Zones. Southern Idaho is in the Mountain Time Zone and Northern Idaho is in the Pacific Time Zone. The state observes Daylight Savings Time. Idaho has several Plant Hardiness Zones.
Idaho has 2 ZOOS. Tautphau Park Zoo has over 400 animals, a children's zoo, and a walk-thru aviary. Zoo Boise is home to over 200 animals from 83 various species. You can drive thru Yellowstone Bear World where there are free-roaming wildlife of North America.