LOUISIANA FROM A-Z
Information about Louisiana for each letter of the alphabet.
Click on highlighted word for more information.
A IS FOR AGRICULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY
Louisiana celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month in October. There are several places to visit and some sites are open to the public including Marksville State Historic Site and Poverty Point State Historic Site. There are many underwater archaeological sites in Louisiana's offshore and river waters.
Louisiana has a variety of
BIRDS. Bird watching is popular and there are many
Birding Hotspots and
Birding Trails. There are
bird festivals and events that promote the state as a year-long bird-watching destination. The State Bird is the
Eastern Brown Pelican.
Louisiana has many
BRIDGES including several
covered bridges. The
Lake Pontchartrain Causeway is the longest overwater highway in the world.
Dreyfous Drive Bridge was built in 1924 and is one of the oldest bridges in the state. The
Horace Wilkinson Bridge is the highest bridge on the Mississippi River. The state has many
Louisiana has many BRIDGES including several covered bridges. The Lake Pontchartrain Causeway is the longest overwater highway in the world. Dreyfous Drive Bridge was built in 1924 and is one of the oldest bridges in the state. The Horace Wilkinson Bridge is the highest bridge on the Mississippi River. The state has many Historic Bridges.
Louisiana has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The state has 4 telephone Area Codes, and several Internet Service Providers. Webcams are located throughout the state.
Louisiana does not have COUNTIES but is divided into 64 parishes in the same way that 48 of the other states of the United States are divided into counties. The term "county" or parish is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government. West Baton Rouge is the smallest parish in the state and Winn is the largest. Orleans is the largest parish by population and Tensas is the smallest.
At one time DINOSAURS roamed in what is now Louisiana and a variety of fossils have been found. Approximately 150 different species of invertebrate and vertebrate marine organisms have been identified from the Cane River Site. In addition, fossils from the site are some of the oldest found in Louisiana outcrops. Unfortunately most of the dinosaurs and the strata containing them are deeply buried beneath younger strata but there are a few Fossil Sites. The Tunica Hills is a fossil rich region. Rare fossils have been found in certain areas along the Ouachita RiverThe State Fossil is the Petrified Palm Wood.
The Louisiana State Dog is the Catahoula. The state has many Dog Events. There are Dog Friendly parks, including Off-Leash Parks, hiking trails, and Dog Friendly Campgrounds. The state has an Animal Rescue Network.
The Louisiansa Department of EDUCATION provides free education for children and it is compulsory from age 7-18. Schoolbug and Great Schools provide information about public schools in the state. There are also many private schools and Homeschooling is popular.
A variety of EVENTS are held in Louisiana throughout the year. The state celebrates Public Holidays and other special days. A State Fair is held in Shreveport. There are also Parish Fairs. Several Festivals are held throughout the state. The world famous Mardi Gras is held in New Orleans.
Ten FLAGS have flown over the state including the current flag. The state flag of Louisiana consists of the pelican group from the State Seal, in white and gold, and a white ribbons bearing the State Motto, on a field of solid blue. Several Municipalities and Counties have their own flag. The Tunica Biloxi Tribe has their own flag.
The Louisiana FOOD timeline dates back to 1755 when people from Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America left their mark on the history of the area. The food of these cultures blended into what we know as Creole cuisine. The Cajuns relocated to Louisiana in 1755 and the state is world famous for Cajun cuisine. Louisiana has FOOD Festivals, Events, and Shows. Antoine's Restaurant in New Orleans is the oldest family-run restaurant in the country.
The Louisiana has had many FORTS. Most of them have been destroyed but several of the Forts are historic sites. The kitchen at Fort Jesup has been restored and decorated with historically accurate furniture and an officer’s quarters building has been reconstructed and now serves as a museum. Fort Saint Jean Baptistehas a replica of an original french fort settlement. Fort Beauregard is open to the public. Fort Polk is a United States Army installation and the only Combat Training Center that also trains and deploys combat units.
Idaho has GHOST TOWNS. The town of Albion has a few hundred residents. Burke and Gem have many ruins. Helena has some original buildings. Soldier has a few buildings some still being lived in. Idaho claimse to have several Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSTION of Louisiana is approximately 30 degrees latitude north and 91 degrees longitude west. The geographic center is Avoyelles. The topography of the state ranges from 0 to 600 ft. The highest point is Driskill Mountain and the lowest point is at New Orleans. The Gulf of Mexico is to the south. Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning System and the state has many Geocaches. The State Parks have special geocaches.
The HISTORY of Louisiana dates back 10,000 years ago. The first traces of permanent settlement appeared at about 5,500 years ago. The Marksville culture emerged about 2,000 years ago out of the earlier Tchefuncte culture. About 1,000 years ago, the Mississippian culture emerged from the Woodland period. The Southeastern Ceremonial Complex coincides with the adoption of maize agriculture and chiefdom-level complex social organization beginning in c. 1200 CE. The Mississippian culture mostly disappeared before the 16th century, with the exception of some Natchez communities that maintained Mississippian cultural practices into the 18th century. Recorded History began in the 1500s. The first European explorers to visit Louisiana came in 1528 with a Spanish expedition led by Panfilo de Narváez. In 1699 the first permanent settlement was founded by Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville. Most of the territory to the east of the Mississippi was lost to the Kingdom of Great Britain in the French and Indian War. The rest of Louisiana became a possession of Spain by the Treaty of Paris of 1763. In 1800, France's Napoleon Bonaparte reacquired Louisiana from Spain in the Treaty of San Ildefonso. He sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States and it was divided it into 2 territories. Louisiana seceded from the Union and became part of the Confederate States of America, and participated in the Civil War. The state participates in National History Day.
Louisiana has a variety of INSECTS including bees, bugs, and spiders. The State Insect is the European Honey Bee. Other insects include butterflies and moths. There are also dragonflies and damselflies.
Louisiana has many ISLANDS in rivers, lakes, outlets, bays, sounds, & Gulf of Mexico. The Barrier Islands are eroding. Some of the islands are on the U.S. Island Directory because they have a ham radio. The largest island is Marsh Island, and the Marsh Island Wildlife Refuge is here. Avery Island is a salt dome best known as the source of Tabasco sauce. The Chandeleur Islands are a chain of uninhabited barrier islands.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Louisiana Judicial System is the only one in the country to be based on the Civil Code specifically the Code Napoléon of France. In actual practice, Louisiana laws no longer differ radically from US common law. The highest court is the supreme court. There are 5 appellate circuits in the state. Each of the district courts serves at least 1 parish and has at least 1 district judge. District courts have original jurisdiction in criminal and civil cases. City courts are the principal courts of limited jurisdiction.
Many aspects of life in Idaho focus on KIDS. The state has a page called Just for Kids. Information about special places kids enjoy can be found at Fun For Kids. NOAA has a special page for kids. Agriculture in the Classroom has a Kids Page. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Public LIBRARIES are located throughout Idaho. It also has Academic Libraries. The State Library is in Baton Rouge. The Louisiana State Archives collects, preserves, and maintains, information about the history of the state. Louisiana has a Poet Laureate and celebrates National Poetry Month.
A LIGHTHOUSE is an important aspect to the mariner. Louisiana has had a number of lighthouses but time and weather has taken its toll on some of them. A few of the remaining lighthouses are on the National Register of Historic Places. The Sabine Pass Lighthouse was 1 of only 3 built in the United States of similar design. A restoration effort is being made by the Cameron Preservation Alliance. The Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum is making efforts to restore and stabilize the Tchefuncte River Range Lights. Construction of the Trinity Shoal Light was called off and Trinity Shoal was marked with a ligh tvessel, which was eventually replaced by a small automatic light. The New Canal Lighthouse is being reconstructed and will be known as Education Center and will feature interactive displays depicting the history of the lighthouse and the New Basin Canal, the ecology of Lake Pontchartrain, and the impacts of Katrina to the area. Three of the lighthouses that have served Souwest Pass remain standing.
Louisiana has a wide variety of MUSEUMS. The Treehouse Children's Museum has interesting programs for children. Chitimacha has a Native American Museum. There are several Mardigras Museums. The Louisiana State Museum is a complex of National Historic Landmarks housing thousands of artifacts and works of art reflecting Louisiana's legacy of historic events and cultural diversity. Acadian Village in Lafayette is an outdoor museum.
The First inhabitants of what is now Louisiana were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo-Indians. They were followed by the Archaic Period, the Woodland Period, and the Mississipian Period. The state now has several Native American Tribes. There are 4 Federally recognized tribes, 5 state recognized tribes, and 10 unrecognized/petioning tribes. They have special events during the year and have several casinos.
OIL plays an important part in the economy of Louisiana. Eighteen of the country's 100 most prolific oil fields oil fieldsare in federal waters off the coast of Louisiana and five of the largest U.S. natural gas fields are located in the state. Louisiana pioneered offshore oil and gas exploration and drilling. The first well ever drilled out of sight of land was off the Louisiana coast. The Louisiana Offshore Oil Port is a deep water port in the Gulf of Mexico and provides tanker offloading and temporary storage services for crude oil transported on some of the largest tankers in the world. There is an Oil & Gas Museum in Oil City.
Louisiana was part of the Old West (the area west of the Mississippi River during the 1800s). The Cowboy culture is shared by both North and South Louisiana. Cowboys in the south have made extra long reins to allow them to stay out of the way of horses lunging through the mud. They also learned how to put spurs on rubber boots and herd cattle by boat. Creole ponies are prized because they can survive the heat and cope with the marsh with their small hooves. Cattle drives continue, but 18-wheel trucks have taken the place of the horseback cowboy. There is a Cattle Festival in Abbeville. The Louisiana Rodeo Association promotes rodeos in the state and Rodeos and Bull Riding Events are held throughout the year. Louisiana has many Horse Trails.
Louisiana has nearly 5 million PEOPLE and residents are called Louisianians or Louisianans. Creole People traditionally are descended from French and Spanish colonial settlers in Lousiana. Many famous people have called the state their home including musicians, writers, and newscasters.
Louisiana has many REPTILES & Amphibians including a variety of snakes. The American Alligator is the State Reptile. The state has a Hepetological Clubs. Louisiana is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program. Reptile shows are held throughout the state.
Louisiana has many RIVERS including many natural and scenic rivers. All the rivers of Louisiana flow into the Gulf of Mexico or into other rivers that do so. The principal rivers that lie in or partly in Louisiana are the Mississippi, Red, Ouachita, Sabine, Pearl, Atchafalaya, and Calcasieu rivers. The Lower Mississippi River is an American Heritage Designated River. Bayou St. John (within the boundaries of Orleans Parish) and Bayou Manchac (from the Amite River to the Mississippi River) are historic rivers.
Louisiana has all forms of TRANSPORTATION and has an Adopt-a-Road Program. The Department of Transportation serves the transportation and water resources needs of the public. Many Special License Plates are available. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state. New Orleans has streetcars and the St. Charles Avenue Streetcar is the oldest continuously operating street railway system in the world. To celebrate its 50th anniversary in 2000, Matchbox issued a vehicle for each state. The vehicle for Louisiana was the Raft Boat/Trailer.
Five ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Louisiana. The 1st USS Louisiana was a sloop that served in the War of 1812. The 2nd USS Louisiana (1861) was a propeller-driven steamer that served in the American Civil War. The 3rd USS Louisiana (BB-19) was a Connecticut-class battleship commissioned 2 June 1906 and decommissioned in 1920. The 4th USS Louisiana (BB-71) was a Montana-class battleship canceled before her keel was laid down. The 5th the USS Louisiana (SSBN-743) is an Ohio-class submarine currently in active service. The CSS Louisianawas an ironclad ship of the Confederate States.
Louisiana does not have any active VOLCANOES but there is evidence of Late Cretaceous volcanic activity in northern Louisiana. Door Point is a buried volcano off the coast of southeast Louisiana.
The Climate of Louisiana is influenced by the Gulf of Mexico. It has long, hot, humid summers and short, mild winters. Precipitation is frequent throughout the year, although the summer is slightly wetter than the rest of the year. The current weather in the state is provided by NOAA. Information is available about Global Warming in the state.
Louisiana has a variety of WILDLIFE. Some animals are threatened or endangered. The Black Bear is the State Animal. The state has the largest free-roaming wildlife preserve in the country. The state has several Wildlife Refuges and is part of the Wildlife Protection Program. It also has a Wildlife Action Plan. There is a Fur and Wildlife Festival in Cameron.