Information about Maryland for each letter of the alphabet.
Click on highlighted word for more information.
A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
The AMISH way of life largely revolves around working and socializing together as a family and community. St. Mary's County has Amish & Mennonite Communities. The Amish commmunity of Gortner was established 150 years ago.
Maryland has many ARCHAEOLOGY sites. Many sites are on the National Register of Historic Places in Maryland. The Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory provides information about some of the most significant types of artifacts recovered from archaeological sites in the state. St. Mary's City is known for its archaeology sites. In addition to shipwrecks, the Maryland Maritime Archaeology Program manages other submerged cultural resources in the state. The state celebrates Archaeology Month in April and has archaeology and paleontology events.
Louisiana has a variety of
BIRDS. Bird watching is popular and there are many
Birding Hotspots and
Birding Trails. There are
bird festivals and events that promote the state as a year-long bird-watching destination. The State Bird is the
Eastern Brown Pelican.
Maryland has a variety of
railroad bridges, and
toll bridges. The state also has
covered bridges. The two spans of the
Chesapeake Bay Bridge form the longest fixed water crossing in the state and are also among the longest over-water structures in the world. It is also the highest bridge in the state. The
Casselman River Bridge is a stone arch bridge built in 1813 and is among the oldest surviving bridges in the country. Many bridges are on the
National List of Historic Places.
Maryland has a variety of BRIDGES including railroad bridges, and toll bridges. The state also has covered bridges. The two spans of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge form the longest fixed water crossing in the state and are also among the longest over-water structures in the world. It is also the highest bridge in the state. The Casselman River Bridge is a stone arch bridge built in 1813 and is among the oldest surviving bridges in the country. Many bridges are on the National List of Historic Places.
The Province of Maryland was an English and later British colony in North America that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 COLONIES in rebellion against Great Britain and became the state of Maryland. Each of the 13 colonies developed its own system of self government.
Maryland has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The state has several telephone Area Codes, and Internet Service Providers. Webcams are located throughout the state.
Maryland has 24 counties. The term "county" is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government. Dorchester is the largest county. Baltimore City is the smallest. Montgomery has the largest population and Kent has the smallest.
There is evidence that DINOSAURS roamed what is now Maryland and a variety of fossils have been found in the state. The Astrodon Johnstoni is the State Dinosaur. The State Fossil Shell is the Ecphora Gardnerae. In 1958, the first ever fossils of a dinosaur called the Astrodon were found in Maryland. It is estimated to have called the state home about 130 million years ago. It is the Maryland State Dinosaur. CLICK HERE for dinosaur coloring pages.
The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is the State DOG, and the state has Dog Events, Dog Parks, Hiking Trails, a Beach, and more. The Maine Coon is the State CAT and there are Cat Shows. Maryland has Dog & Cat Rescue Organizations.
Maryland provides free public EDUCATION for children. Attendance is compulsory between ages 5 and 16. Schoolbug and Great Schools provide information about public schools in the state. The state has many private schools and Homeschooling is popular.
A variety of EVENTS are held in Maryland. The state celebrates public holidays and other special days. The State Fair is held in Timonium, and there are a variety of County and Agricultural Fairs. Several Festivals are held throughout the state. Maryland has many Casinos.
Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants of Maryland 10, 000 years ago. They hunted mammoth, great bison, and carbou. By 1,000 B.C., Maryland had many different tribes. They grew corn, peas, squash and tobacco. They also hunted, fished. The first settlements of what is today Maryland dates back to colonial days. The primary ingredient in many dishes is seafood and there is a Seafood Festival at Sandy Point State Park. The state has edible state symbols. Milkis the state drink, the Blue Crab is the state food, Smith Island Cake is the State Dessert, the Cranberry is the State Berry, the Corn Muffin is the State Muffin, and Baked Navy Bean is the State Bean. Maryland has Food Festivals, Events, and Shows.
Maryland has had many FORTS. Most of them have been destroyed but some of them are historic sites/places, parks, or have have historic markers. Fort Detrick is a U.S. Army Medical Command installation located in Frederick. Fort Foote is operated as Fort Foote Park and is maintained by the U.S. National Park Service as part of the National Capital Parks-East system. Some buildings at Fort Frederick have been restored. Fort George Meade is a United States Army installation. Fort McHenry is best known for its role in the War of 1812 and is a "National Monument and Historic Shrine," the only such doubly designated place in the country. Fort Washington is now a park, has a small museum, and historical re-enactments are held periodically.
The GLOBAL POSTION of Maryland is approximately 38 degrees latitude north and 76 degrees longitude west. The geographic center is Prince George. The topography of the state ranges from sea level to 4,500 ft.The highest point is Backbone Mountain and the lowest point is a natural depression in the bottom of Chesapeake Bay, often called Bloody Point Hole Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning System and the state has many Geocaches.
The HISTORY of Maryland dates back to 10,000 B.C. Recorded history began in 1498 when the first European explorers sailed along the Eastern Shore. In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano passed the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In 1608 John Smith entered the bay. The state participated in the American Revolution and played an important part in the Civil War. The history of Maryland is the history of a seafaring state owing to its unique proximity to the Chesapeake. The state participates in National History Day.
The Maryland State HORSE is the Thoroughbred and there are many Horse boarding farmsHorse Shows. Horseback riding is popular and there are many Horse Trails. Horse racing in Maryland goes back to colonial days, and the state has 4 Thoroughbred tracks and 2 harness tracks. The Preakness Stakes is run at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore. There are 2 Rodeos in Maryland.
Maryland has a variety of INSECTS including many types of butterflies and moths. The State Insect is the Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly. Maryland has a variety of bees, ants and wasps. Beekeeping is popular and there are many Beekeeping organization. Every 17 years, Cicadas come to Maryland.
Maryland has many ISLANDS in rivers, creeks, and bays. Some of the islands are on the U.S Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. The Isle of Wight is a Wildlife Management Area. Tilghman Island is accessed by a drawbridge and has a Seafood Fest. The Island is home to the only commercial sailing fleet in North America. Assateaque Island is home to the Chincoteague Ponny. St. Clement's Island is reported to be the birthplace of the state. Fort Delaware State Park on Peapatch Island encompasses all of Pea Patch Island including the Fort.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Judicial System in Maryland is made up of the District Court, Circuit Court, Appellate Courts, and Orphans Court.
Many aspects of life in Maryland focus on KIDS and the state has a Kids Page and there are Special Places for Kids to visit. NOAA has a special page for kids. Agriculture in the Classroom has a Kids Page. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page. There is a Native Facts for Kids page.
The Maryland Library system serves libraries throughout the State. It consists of the State Library Resource Center (Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore); 3 regional library resource centers (Eastern Shore, Southern Maryland, Western Maryland); 4 academic libraries; and more than 125 libraries.The Maryland State Library Resource Center in Baltimore has specialized collections. The Maryland State Law Library has an extensive collection of legal databases. Maryland has a Poet Laureate and celebrates National Poetry Month.
A LIGHTHOUSE is an important aspect to the mariner. Maryland has many active and inactive lighthouses. The Seven Foot Knoll Lighthouse is the oldest screwpile lighthouse in the state and is on the register of historic places. Cove Point Lighthouse is the oldest working lighthouse in the state. The twin towers were designed to help protect America’s shores, and Delaware Bay, from WWII enemy warships.
Part of the Appalachian MOUNTAINS are in Maryland. The state has about 60 mountain ranges and many are named after explorers, settlers, and surveyors. Hoye-Crest is the highest mountain in the state. Mountain Climbing is a popular past time.
The long, rich past of Maryland is accessible thru its many MUSEUMS. Some of them have hands-on exhibits. The Maryland Science Center has a variety of programs and events. The National Museum of Language is in College Park.
The MUSIC of Maryland dates back to Native Americans. It was during the bombardment of Fort McHenry that Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the poem the Star-Spangled Banner which became the National Anthem of the United States. The State Song is Maryland, My Maryland.
Maryland has several OBSERVATORIES and nearly 2 dozen planetariums. It also has Astronomy Clubs & Organizations. Maryland has 2 Dark Sky sites - Tuckahoe State Park and Point Lookout State Park.The Chesapeake Bay Impact Crater was formed by a bolide that impacted the eastern shore of North America about 35 million years ago and is one of the best-preserved "wet-target" or marine impact craters, and the largest known impact crater in the U.S. Four recorded meterorites have been found in Maryland. The state participates in National Astronomy Day.
Over 5 million PEOPLE live in Maryland and they are called Marylanders. Many famous people have called the state their home including Francis Scott Key, lawyer, author, and poet; Tom Clancy, author; Johns Hopkins, philanthropist and Hospital Founder; Emily Post, Etiquette Expert; and Babe Ruth. There is a Babe Ruth Museum in Baltimore.
Maryland has a variety of REPTILES and amphibians including many frogs and toads and turtles and tortoises. The Diamond Back Terrapin is the State Reptile. Maryland has over 2 dozen species of snakes and a variety of salamanders and newts, There is a Reptile Show in Havre de Grace. The state is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program.
Maryland has many RIVERS. The Potomac River forms most of the western boundary of the state and is designated an American Heritage River. The state created a Scenic and Wild Rivers Program. Nine rivers in the state have officially been designated “Scenic”: The Anacostia, The Deer Creek, The Monocacy, The Patuxent, The Pocomoke, The Potomac (Frederick and Montgomery Counties), The Severn, The Wicomico-Zekiah, and The Youghiogheny. The section of the Youghiogheny between Millers Run and the southern corporate limits of Friendsville has been officially designated a “Wild” river.
Maryland has many SPORTS teams professtional, college, and high school. Jousting is the State Sport and Lacrosse is the state team sport. Golfing is popular and the state has both public and private golf courses. Walking is the State Exercise. The Sports Legends Museum in Baltimore has artifacts and interactive exhibits about baseball, football, and lacrosse in the state and is home to both the Orioles and Maryland Athletic halls of fame.
Maryland has a variety of TRAILS including Biking Trails, Hiking Trails, Rail Trails, and ATV Trails. The Catoctin Trail is considered one of the best trails in the state. Maryland and participates in National Trails Day. The state has several scenic byways and a Scenic Byways Program. Maryland has some very unusual road trips off the beaten path. It also has Roadside Attractions. Part of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail goes through the state.
Maryland has all forms of TRANSPORTATION and an an Adopt-a-Highway Program. The Department of Transportation has a wide range of services and offers many special License Plates. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state. To its 50th anniversary, Matchbox Cars assigned a vehichle to each state. The vehicle for Maryland was the Crabbing Boat.
Over 160 native or naturalized species of TREES can be found in Maryland. The State marks the farthest north that such species as loblolly Pine and Bald Cypress are found. Red spruce is found in Garrett County and is at the southernmost point in its natural range. Many trees are on the Champion Tree List. The state participates in the Big Tree Program. The State Tree is the White Oak.
Four ships have been named USS MARYLAND. The lst USS Maryland (1799) was a sloop that served during the Napoleonic war. The 2nd USS Maryland (ACR-8) was a Pennsylvania-class armored cruiser that saw action in WW I. The 3rd USS Maryland (BB-46) was a Colorado-class battleship and saw action in WW II. The 4th USS Maryland (SSBN-738) is an Ohio-class ballistic missil submarine currently in active service. A Maritime Museum in Baltimore has historic ships.
There is evidence that at one time Maryland had active VOLCANOES. Garrett Island is the geologic remnant of what was once an offshore volcano in an ancient sea. Bedrock in the eastern part of the Piedmont Plateau includes igneous rocks of probable volcanic origin. A broad valley floored by Precambrian gneiss and volcanic rock lies in the core of the anticline between the Catoctin Mountain and South Mountain.
The WEATHER in Maryland includes several variables. The eastern half of of the state lies on the Atlantic Coastal Plain and has a humid subtropical climate. The Piedmont area lies in the transition between the humid subtropical climate zone and the subtropical highland zone, with hot, humid summers and cool winters where average annual snowfall exceeds 20 inches and temperatures below 10°F are annual occurrences. Extreme western Maryland lies completely in the subtropical highland zone with milder summers and cool & often snowy winters. The state is vulnerable to tropical storms with thunderstorms and tornados. The current weather is provided by Weather Underground and NOAA. The state is investigating the effect of Global Warming.
Maryland has a variety of WILDLIFE including rare, threatened, and endangered animals. The Black Bear is the State Animal. The state has several Wildlife Refuges, a Research Refuge, and is part of the Wildlife Action Plan.
Time ZONES are estalished by the Coordinated Universal Time. The United States has several Time Zones. Maryland is in the Eastern Time Zone and observes Daylight Saving Time. The state has several Plant Hardiness Zones.
Maryland has several ZOOS. The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore has over 2000 animals including many from Africa and a Childrens Zoo. Little Buddies Barnyard is a petting zoo. Salisbury Zoological Park has almost 500 species native to North, Central, and South America. The National Aquariums in Baltimore has 660 different species.