Information about Vermont for each letter of the alphabet.
Click on highlighted word for more information.
A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, ARCHAEOLOGY, & ART
Vermont celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month in September, There are several archaeology and paleontology events. University of Vermont archaeologists have identified the first Late Paleoindian site 10,000-9,000 B.P. in the state and one of very few known to exist in the eastern United States near Sunderland Brook in Colchester. The Lake Champlain Maritime Museum does underwater archaeological research.
Vermont has a variety of
BIRDS. Bird watching is popular and there are many
Birding Hotspots and
Birding Trails. The State Bird is the
Vermont has a variety of
BRIDGES including bridges on the
National Register of Historic Places in Vermont. There are also many
covered bridges. The
Bartsonsville Covered Bridge built in 1870, was destroyed in 2011 by flooding caused by Hurricane Irene, rebuilt in 2012, and reopened in 2013. The
Lake Champlain Bridge connects Vermont with New York.
Vermont has a variety of BRIDGES including bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Vermont. There are also many covered bridges. The Bartsonsville Covered Bridge built in 1870, was destroyed in 2011 by flooding caused by Hurricane Irene, rebuilt in 2012, and reopened in 2013. The Lake Champlain Bridge connects Vermont with New York.
Vermont has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The telephone area code is 802. There are several Internet Service Providers in the state. Webcams are located throughout the state.
Vermont has 14 counties The term "county" is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government. Essex is the smallest county and has the smallest population. Chittenden is the largest county and has the largest population.
Like other states in New England, Vermont is better known for its marine fossils than any DINOSAURS or prehistoric mammals. The state fossil is the Beluga Whale, also known as the White Whale. The specimen discovered in Vermont dates to about 11,000 years ago, towards the end of the last Ice Age, when much of the state was covered by a shallow body of water called the Champlain Sea. Vermontasaurus is a folk art representation of a dinosaur at the Post Mills Airport in the town of Thetford.
The Vermont State Board of EDUCATION has supervision over, and management of, the Agency of Education and the public school system, except as otherwise provided by law. Children between the ages of 6 and 16 are required to attend a public school, a private schools, or a home study program. Schoolbug and Great Schools provide information about public schools in the state.
A variety of EVENTS are held in Vermont including several Music Festivals. The state celebrates Public Holidays and other special days. Many cities have special 4th of July celebrations. The State Fair is held in Rutland. For 75 years, there has been a Corn Maze at Hathaway Farm. There are Farm to Table Dinners and Tours at Valley Dream Farm in Cambridge.
The Vermont State FLAG was adopted in 1923 and consists of the Vermont coat of arms and motto on a field of azure. Many places in the state have their own flag. The St. Francis-Sokoki Band of the Abenaki Nation lives in the town of Swanton in northern Vermont and have their own flag.
The FOOD of Vermont dates back to the original inhabitants, Native Americans, who ate crops they raised, meat and birds and waterfowl they hunted and fish. Today, the food of Vermont shows the influence of the people who settled in the state. Once upon a time, Vermont was known as America's "Bread Basket". The Burlington Edible History Tour goes back in time to the history of early ethnic FOOD and traditions. Vermont Common Crackers were an invention that happened in the early 1800s. Cabot's award winning cheese and dairy products has been around for nearly 100 years. Keurig Green Mountain began as a small specialty coffee roaster and store in Vermont in 1981. Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream began in Vermont and the factory in Waterbury has a guided tour. The State Fruit is the apple and the State Pie is Apple Pie. Maple is the official State Flavor The state has many Food Events. Vermont has many Food Pantries and Food Banks.
Vermont has had many FORTS. Most of them have been destroyed but a few have monuments or been put to other uses. Fort Dummer has a site marker. Fort Ethan Allen is now the University of Vermont’s Fort Ethan Allen Campus a portion of the Fort Ethan Allen Historic District with about 35 historic buildings used mainly for student housing. Fort Putney has a stone site marker. Fort Warren has a State Marker and a stone marker.
Vermont has GHOST TOWNS. There is a mill foundation and a dam in North Pomfret. In Rickerbasin there are foundations of homes, a school, a church, and 3 grist mills. The Smith Family Farms in Sharon is maintained by the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints and has foundation holes, hearth stone, stone bridge, and school house. Somerset has a population of 2 and stone cellar holes. The state claims to have many haunted places.
GLOBAL POSITION of Vermont is approximately 44 latitude north and 72 longitude west. The geographic center is Washington. The highest point is Mount Mansfield and the lowest point is Lake Champlain. Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning Finder and the state has many Geocaches.
The HISTORY of Vermont dates back to the Archaic Period. The state was involved in the Revolutionary War and the CIVIL WAR. The state has Civil War Museums.The state participates in National History Day.
Vermont is one of the few state to have a State horse - the Morgan Horse. The state is world famous for being the home of the Morgan horse breed. There are several Horse Trails. The Vermont Horse Council provides information about special event.
Vermont has over 1500 species of INSECTS including many butterflies and moths and dragonflies and damselflies The State Butterfly is the Monarch. There are also grasshoppers and crickets and bees and wasps. The State Insect is the Honeybee. The Vermont Beekeepers Association represents hundreds of beekeepers. Some insects are considered invasive.
Vermont has several ISLANDS. Some of them are on the U.S. list of Island because they have a ham radio. Carleton Prize is a small rock island in the Vermont waters of Lake Champlain in Crescent Bay. Neshobe Island is in Lake Bomoseen in the town of Castleton. Lake Champlain has about 75 islands. Four of the 5 in towns in Grand Isle County - North Hero, South Hero, Grand Isle and Isle La Motte are situated entirely on islands in Lake Champlain. Grand Isle is the largest island in Lake Champlain and comprises the 2 towns of Grand Isle and South Hero.
The Vermont Judicial Courts consist of a Supreme Court, Judicial Bureau, and Civil, Criminial, Family, Environmental and Probate Divisions. The Public Education Division has information for faculty, staff, parents, and students.
Many aspects of life in Vermont focus on KIDS. The Secretary of State has Kids Pages that provides information about the state. Family Days Out shares fun for kids. VT Kids is a free magazine with resource for family-friendly events, activities, camps and classes. Safe Kids Vermont assists the community in keeping kids safe. Agriculture in the Classroom has resources for kids. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Vermont has many Public LIBRARIES and academic libraries. The State Library is in Montpelier. The Vermont Library Association works to develop, promote, and improve library and information services. The state has a poet laureate and celebrates National Poetry month.
Vermont has a number of LIGHTHOUSES. These lighthouses are on the eastern side of Lake Champlain which is part of an international waterway connecting the St. Lawrence and Hudson Rivers. Juniper Island Light is the oldest light station on Lake Champlain and the oldest surviving cast iron lighthouse in the country. A lighthouse is an important aspect to the mariner.
Vermont has a variety of MUSEUMS. The Echo Lake Aquarium & Science Center has the natural history, maritime history, and ecology of Lake Champlain. In addition to underwater archaeological research and traditional exhibits, the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum conducts educational, boatbuilding, and boating programs, hosts lectures, and offers a variety of classes. The Montshire Museum of Science has exhibits on anatomy, math, astronomy, mechanics, and natural history. The White River Junction Station is the home of the New England Transportation Institute and Museum which features a display of Boston and Maine Railroad #494, a historic steam locomotive. Vermont also has many Art Galleries.
The first people to inhabit Vermont were NATIVE AMERICANS. The original inhabitants included the Abenaki tribe, the Mohican tribe, and theMassachusett tribes the Pennacook and the Pocomtuc. During the Legislative Session 2011-2012, Vermont recognized their Native American Ancestors as Abenaki. Currently 4 tribes have been recognized: The Nulhegan Abenaki Band, the Elnu Abenaki Band, the Koasek of the Koas Abenaki, and the Abenaki at Missisquoi.
Vermont has 1 OBSERVATORY - Green Mountain Observatory in Williston. Fairbanks Museum & Panetarium is in St. Johnsbury. The Hildene Astronomy Club near Manchester was built by Robert Todd Lincoln. The Vermont Astronomical Society in Williston has public observing events. The Springfield Telescope Makers is an active Amateur Astronomy and Telescope Making club. The state participates in National Astronomy Day
Nearly 700,000 PEOPLE live in Vermont and they are called Vermonters. Many well known people have called the state their home including 2 presidents - Chester Alan Arthur, and Calvin Coolidge. President Coolidge was the only president born on the fourth of July. The musical and movie The Sound of Music were based on the memoir of Maria von Trapp.
QUILTING is popular in Vermont and there are many Quilting Guilds and Quilt Shows. There are also several weaving, spinning, knitting and other fiber groups .
Vermont has 40 species of REPTILES and amphibians. Nineteen are considered rare, uncommon, or at-risk, and 8 are threatened or Endangered Species. The State Reptile is the Painted Turtle. The State Amphibian is the Northern Leopard Frog. Vermont has 11 species of http://www.vtfishandwildlife.com/Conserve/conservation_planning/natural_heritage_inventory/animal_inventory/reptiles_and_amphibians/snakes_of_vermont/"> snakes. Though quite rare, the venomous Timber Rattlesnake exists in Vermont. The state is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program.
Vermont has many RIVERS. The longest river is Otter Creek. The state has watersheds - The Connecticut, The Memphremagog-St. Lawrence, The Lake Champlain-St. Lawrence, and The Hudson. Vermont has many water sports including canoeing, kayaking, paddle sports, sailing, scuba diving, sculling, sea kayaking, and whitewater rafting.
The State Seal is used to emboss and authenticate official documents. It was designed by Ira Allen and accepted by the General Assembly in 1779. A new seal made in 1821 included much of the basic design of the original seal, but was not as symbolic in character. The current seal (adopted in 1937) is a precise reproduction of the original design.
Vermont has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The Agency of Transportation is responsible for building, maintaining, and operating road, bridges, and tunnels in the state and has an adopt-a highway program. A variety of Special License Plates are available. In celebration of its 50th birthday in 2002, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state. The vehicle for Vermont was the Land Rover Discovery. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state.
Vermont has more than 50 species of TREES. The state tree is the Sugar Maple - acer saccharum. Vermont is 78% forested. Although the Green Mountain and Fingerlakes National Forests are separate forests, they share the same administrative headquarters in Rutland, Vermont. The forests’ combined land mass is over 416,000 acres spread throughout southwestern and southern Vermont and the Finger Lakes region of New York State. Vermont has many State Forests
Two ships have been named USS Vermont. The 1st USS Vermont (1848) was one of 9 ships of the line authorized by Congress in 1816, but it was not launched until 1848, and only saw service as a receiving ship, from 1862 to 1901. The 2nd USS Vermont (BB-20) was a Connecticut-class battleship. Many ships have been named after counties in Vermont.
Two VOLCANOES in the past, had an effect on Vermont. When the Mount Tamboro near Java, erupted in 1815, fine volcanic ash was sent into the atmosphere and encircled the world. Because of that, frosts occurred every month of the year 1916, so that crops could not be raised in Vermont. Mt. Pelee Vocano at Martinique, erupted in May 1902 having the same effect in Vermont. Mount Ascutney in southern Vermont is part of the White Mountain plutonic-volcanic series of igneous rocks. It is speculated that the lake that resides on top of Haystack Mountain in Wilmington could and most likely is a long dormant volcano with unknown and undetectable depths.
The WEATHER in Vermont is generally mild in early summer and hot in August. Autumn is colorful with hills that reveal red, orange, and (on sugar maples) gold foliage as cold weather approaches. Winters are colder at higher elevations. NOAA has a special weather page for kids. The current weather is provided by Weather Underground and NOAA. There is information about Climate Change in the state.
The forests, swamps, fields, rivers, and lakes of Vermont provide habitats for a variety of WILDLIFE. Some species are threatened or endangered. The Black Bear is the only bear found in the state. The Vermont Teddy Bear Company is one of the largest producers of teddy bears and the largest seller of teddy bears by mail order and Internet. The state has many Wildlife Management Areas. The Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge consists of quiet waters and wetlands which attract large flocks of migratory birds and areas of open fields and a hardwood forest that provide habitat for migratory songbirds, resident mammals and other wildlife. Vermont has a Wildlife Action Plan.
The United States has several Time ZONES. Vermont is in the Eastern Time Zone. The Coordinated Universal Time is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. The state has several Plant Hardiness Zones.